Bug Out Bag – Prepper – Critical Incident – Emergency Survival Scenario

4 months ago ReddingProphet1 0

18 pound bug-out bag in any sort
of a bug-out scenario

511 COVRT18 Backpack 25L

when your main goal is to put distance in between yourself
and whatever the incident is that you
are running from the key is to
be lightweight and fast while still
being able to provide for all of your
immediate needs

1.  maintaining your core
body temperature

2.  consuming water to stay
hydrated and

3.  consuming calories for
energy and to be able to

4.  cover ground
quickly without wearing yourself out

addition you need to be able to take
care of any life-threatening injuries
that you may have sustained during the
incident or since you’ve left the
incident and you need to be able to
effectively and efficiently navigate
from point A to point B.

with this in
mind it’s important that you really
streamline your kit and only carry
what’s absolutely necessary as well as
allowing for some redundancy for some of
the more important things to allow for
contingencies that you didn’t see coming.

while it may be tempting to carry as
many modern conveniences as you possibly
can to make your life easier
the simple fact is that the heavier this
pack is the slower you’re going to move
the more water you’re going to need to
consume to stay hydrated and the more
calories you’re going to burn and
therefore more calories you need to
consume to keep your energy levels up.

all three of those things go against
your main goal which is to put distance
between you and whatever the incident is
as quickly as possible you should never
plan on carrying a bag that is is more
than 20% of your actual body weight.

better goal would be to have a bag
that’s 10 percent of your body weight

and it’ll make you that much faster that
much more efficient so long as you’re
still able to provide for all your basic
needs my bag weighs in at only 18 pounds
that’s a little less than 9% of my total
body weight this allows me to move
extremely fast and cover longer
distances without getting tired and
still provides for all of my needs

bag starts with a good durable backpack

and like my clothing choices I prefer
natural colors that blend well in a
woodland environment but I don’t want a
true camouflage pattern that’s gonna
stick out in an urban environment I also
try to avoid clothing and equipment that
has too much of a tactical look to it
this is another thing that allows me to
be a little more inconspicuous
regardless of where I find myself I may
plan on bugging out to the wilderness
but I may have to start my bug-out from
an urban location I may have to go
through an urban location or I may have
to come back into an urban location to
resupply at some point so I don’t want
anything that makes me stick out

take a look inside now as far as my
immediate needs I need to maintain my
core body temperature and especially
within the first you know 24 hours or so
in the beginning of a bug-out scenario
when I’m not sure you know whether it’s
going to be a

permissive or a
non-permissive environment I’m going to
be extremely careful

so fire is not
going to be something that I’m going to
do if I don’t have to so the primary
function of my body’s thermoregulation
maintaining my body’s core temperature
falls on my shelter kit and

every good
shelter kit consists of something to
sleep under something to sleep on
something to sleep in and some cordage
to hold it all together

or something to sleep under I prefer a
military poncho it takes the place of
both a rain jacket and a tarp so it’s
multifunctional and when I’m moving I
could use this in place of a rain jacket
it’s large enough to protect me from the
rain and also drape over the back of my
equipment and keep my equipment dry it
also has these grommets that I can use
to tie up simple and

Poncho Liner – Military

effective poncho

when I’m stationary and as far
as this being camouflaged I don’t
necessarily mind my shelter system being
camouflaged because most of the time
this is going to be packed up in my bag
and not seen one of the benefits of
having this camouflage pattern is then
when I when I do stop and I do put up a
shelter this camouflage pattern
offers me a little bit of concealed when
it comes to something to sleep in it’s
hard to beat a military poncho liner for
something that’s lightweight and
extremely packable it also saves me time
when I go to pack up because I don’t
have to worry about a stuff sack or any
cinch straps or anything it can be
crammed into all the voids in your pack
rather quickly.

the majority of our body
heat is lost to conduction from our
bodies being in direct contact with the
ground in my opinion thermal mattresses
are a little too bulky and they catch on
too many things they stick out from the
sides of your pack a lot of times they
catch on a lot of things in the woods
and for that reason

I like to carry a
simple bivy sack

Snugpak Special Forces Bivvi Bag
this bivy sack can be
stuffed with leaves and debris to make
what’s called a browse bed mattress to
sleep on and it’s also waterproof and
windproof so if I don’t feel like
putting up a poncho shelter I can tuck
myself inside here with my poncho liner
and use this as a standalone shelter and
be fairly protected from the elements

far as cordage goes I prefer titan
survivor cord for a number of reasons
this is

high-quality true milspec

Titan 620 LB SurvivorCord Paracord [w/Free Ebooks] | Patented U.S. Military Type III 550 Parachute Cord (MIL-C-5040H) with Integrated Fishing Line, Fire-Starter Tinder, and Utility Wire. 100% Nylon


that has the outer sheath and
it has the seven inner strands it has
three additional strands one is a

1. copper
utility wire

2. one is a monofilament
fishing line

3. the other is a waxed jute
strand that I can fluff up and use for
emergency tinder

this prevents me from
having to carry an extra spool of wire
for use in trapping and it also prevents
me from carrying an additional spool of
fishing line for food procurement on top
of giving me an additional emergency
tinder source for fire-starting

milspec paracord has a breaking strength
of 550 pounds in this Titan survivor
cord which is true milspec plus three
strands has a breaking strength of 660
pounds so it’s going to hold whatever I
need it to hold

lastly I carry

six lightweight aluminum
tent stakes

MSR Groundhog Tent Stake Kit, 6-Pack, Regular – 7.5-Inch


this is something that’s
more of a convenience when I do
finally settle in for the night to throw
up a shelter I want it to go up as
quickly as possible although I can make
these in the field there’s one more
thing that consumes time and energy that
I can eliminate without adding much
weight to my pack

in most cases I’m
trying not to be found

one of the
quickest ways I can signal my location
is to have a roaring fire the flames and
a smoke can be seen day or night and it
can be smelled from a long way off it’s
not something I would I will likely need
in the beginning and not something I
want unless I absolutely have to so I’ve
built the rest of my kit to ensure it
isn’t an immediate need however I may
need it for thermal regulation

I may
need it to boil water may need it to
cook food etc so I need to be able to
make it as quickly as possible
in all types of weather

fire is an
extremely critical skill

over all so it
deserves some redundancy

a lighter is
the easiest method since it’s sure flame
and keep in mind that it’s not the same
thing as surefire I’ll normally keep the
lighter in my pocket so if I’m separated
from my pack for some reason whether
that’s voluntarily or involuntarily I
still have a chance of having an
ignition source

the main problems with
the lighter are that they’re pretty
challenging to use in the wind in the
rain and that’s likely when you’re going
to need it the most

the other problem is
the fuel can leak out if the button is
being depressed in your bag or if it’s
in your pocket or in your kit and if
they get wet you have to dry them out
before using them also they’ve got a lot
of small moving parts that can break so

I normally carry my lighter in

Exotac fireSLEEVE Ruggedized Waterproof Lighter Case – Orangeexotak-fire-sleeve

to prevent all of this
in an effort to conserve what little
resources I have I like to have a couple
more durable and longer lasting

for those I choose a

fernell lens and a ferrocerium rod

5col Survival Supply Fresnel Lens 4-Pack Credit Card Size Pocket Magnifier & Firestarterfresnel-lens

the Sun is out I can quickly start a
fire with little effort using solar
techniques that take nothing away from
my kit if that’s not possible

normally choose to use the ferrocerium

FOSTAR 2PCS Upgrade Ferro Rod Flint Fire Starter, 1/2 Inch X 5 Inch Thick Fire Steel Rodferro-rod-fire-starter

a Ferro rod is a larger version of
the same sparking device that’s found
within a lighter

I can expect this
particular one and a half by six inch
Ferro rod to start thousands upon
thousands of fires and last several
years before wearing out while these
lighter may only provide hundreds of
fires and
a year or so and that’s something that’s
important to consider when you may not
be able to resupply

I can normally
source dry natural tender in any weather
condition to use for starting a fire but
it’s worth carrying some man-made
emergency tinder to use for when dry
material is scarce and we’re not
convenient to go look for

I like these
fire tabs

Tinder Quik Fire Tabs

ten of them take up very
little space and weigh next to nothing I
can pull each tab apart to make three
fires each they also work really well
with a lighter that’s out of fuel and
work great with the larger Ferro rod

well on top of emergency tinder I
generally like to carry at least

beeswax candles

UCO 12-Hour Natural Beeswax Candles

these are twelve outer
candles and in addition to being a good
useful tool for getting a fire going
especially in wet weather I can also use
this as kind of a low-key source of
light around my campfire that doesn’t
put off as much light less likely to
give me away in the event I’m using this
and if I had to I could boil water with
this it would just take a little while
but each one of these candles burns for
12 hours so I’ve got 36 hours of light
in every three pack

the next challenge
in a bug-out scenario will be remaining

normally a person needs one
half gallon about 64 ounces per day the
need is much greater when the weather is
hot if the area you’re working in is
especially dry or if there’s a lot of
physical exertion happening like you
will be when you’re carrying a pack
great distances across difficult terrain
under stress and possibly injured


Pathfinder 32oz Stainless Steel Bottle and Nesting Cup Set


is heavy it weighs about eight pounds
per gallon we’ve already discussed that
carrying extra weight will require more
water consumption so for me I would
rather rely on resupplying at every
opportunity then attempt to carry a full
day or a few days worth of water which
could be several gallons

I should also
mention that I’m not anywhere near the
desert I don’t plan on going anywhere
near the desert so if you are you want
to make you may want to carry more
containers of water from the start

for a
container I prefer a single walled

stainless steel 32 ounce water bottle

single walled so that I can boil water
in it to disinfect if needed 32 ounces
for a couple of reasons

one that’s half
of my normal daily water requirement and
it’s roughly one liter which is
what my water purification tablets are
meant for

the nesting cup allows me to
have a secondary container and also
allows me to char material for fire if
needed again if you’re in a desert or
extremely hot or dry weather environment
or freshwater sources or a little bit
fewer and farther between in your area
than they are for where I’m planning on
being I would highly recommend carrying
at least two containers of water instead
of just one an additional 32 ounces
would only add two pounds to your total
pack weight

ASE Military Shemagh

a cotton shemagh is useful
for a number of reasons but it’s part of
my water kit to act as a pre-filter for
my water bottle to keep debris out when
I’m filling it I can also wet it and
wrap it around the bottle and take
advantage of a vapid of cooling if the
water’s too hot to drink this would also
keep your water and your self cool in a
hotter environment should you need to
because I don’t want to start a fire
unless I have to

I carry a small
lightweight water filter I prefer the

sawyer mini it filters down to a 0.1
micron level and it’s rated for a
hundred thousand gallons

Sawyer Products Mini Water Filtration System

if i were to
drink two gallons a day which is way
above my requirement i could expect this
filter to last me almost 137 years I can
use it in several different ways as well
which we’ll get into later it also comes
with you know a couple of other
accessories one of which being a large
syringe that you can use to flush this
periodically that doubles as an
irrigation syringe for wounds so this is
also part of my first-aid kit

I also

twenty water purification tabs

Katadyn Micropur MP1 Purification Tablets

while my primary means would be to use
the water filter and when possible to
boil to save resources there could be
situations where I could drop one of
these tablets in 32 ounces of
contaminated water and let them do the
work for me while I continue to move

example that comes to mind is crossing
stream during movement that I don’t have
time for this situation doesn’t allow me
to stop to actually take the time to
filter it I get it fill the bottle as I
cross and keep on moving

these tablets
alone will give me about 10 days of my
normal water requirement


is not
necessarily an immediate need however it
is a metabolic need and you’re going to
be burning calories and an extremely
high rate you can’t afford to completely
let yourself tank mentally or physically
and you likely don’t have time to trap
fish or hunt right away

I carry
emergency rations in my bag to make sure
I have some calories to bring in that I
don’t have to work for my goal is to
create distance as quickly as possible
and that requires energy

I prefer the

SOS emergency rations

S.O.S. Rations Emergency 3600 Calorie Food Bar (Cinnamon + Coconut, 2 Pack)

because they’re
individually wrapped once you open the
main pack and they taste pretty good
each pack has nine individually wrapped
bars that are about four hundred
calories each for a total of 3600

so this is 3600 calories that I
don’t have to work for that don’t take
any time I can eat these on the move and
never stop

once those run out and as
opportunities present themselves I want
to be equipped with at least some basic
supplies to procure food that don’t add
much weight and take up very little

we had already talked about the
monofilament fishing line and the
utility wire that are found in the
survivor cord I also carry a

ready man
wilderness survival card

READYMAN Survival Cards (Wilderness 2.0)

and this has
1. hooks arrows points

2. an improvised
fish frog spear point

and some

3. snare
locks as well as a couple of little

so this coupled with the
monofilament fishing line and the
utility wire that I can double over and
use a snare wire inside the survivor
cord gives me a nice little kit to be
able to fish or trap when the
opportunity presents itself

it would no
doubt be a highly dangerous event that
pushes you to bug out and well not all
would involve gunfire or sharp metal or

or what have you there are
some that we can all like limp think of
that might if you become injured at the
start of an incident or somewhere along
the way you need to be able to take care
of it to the best of your ability

I’d like to carry a kit that can handle
injuries sustained from things like
gunshot wounds or lacerations to the
extremity torso or head

I like the Black Scout survival
individual first aid kit

Ridge Recon First Aid Kit Fully Stocked for Emergency First Responder IFAK

the BSS I pack
as the baseline and then I add a couple
of things to that based on my experience
in my competency level this allows me to
take care of
Rapid Application Tourniquet System

1. major bleeding

2. sucking
chest wounds

3. tension pneumothorax

4. manage

when you have any sort of trauma
and that could be either for myself or
the people that are with me and of
course I like to keep that somewhere
where I can get to it quickly

you need
to have the

ability to navigate

where you are to where you’re going as
efficiently as possible
you’ve got very limited resources at
your disposal so you need to make time
quickly hopefully you’re moving towards

well-stocked much safer location

having said that you may not be able to
take the route you originally planned on
taking and you need to be able to adjust
on the fly based on circumstances I’d
like to have a map of the entire area I
expect to be going through along with
some waterproof paper and some
mechanical pencils for recording
information and route planning

as far as
compasses I prefer the

SUUNTO MC2 compass

Suunto MC-2G In Global Compass

because it’s got a sighting mirror that
I can also use for signaling and it also
has a small magnifying lens that I can
use as a backup fire-starting method it
also has built-in scales that I can use
in place of a protractor or a coordinate

I also keep pace beads so that I
can easily keep track of distances

Redvex Ranger Style Cobra Pace Counter Beads Paracord/Survival 13″ – Blackranger-pace-count-beads

this is extremely important in
the event I have to change routes on the
fly knowing what distance I had moved
for the last known point before changing
direction allows me to better pinpoint
where I might be

but there are a few

that I feel are absolutely essential for
every bug-out bag

so the first one being

headlamp with extra batteries

PETZL – TACTIKKA+ RGB Headlamp, 250 Lumens, Red-Green-Blue Lighting

second being a good

full tang fixed
blade belt knife

and the third being a


prefer the headlamps that you can put a
physical filter on like a red lens
filter over a light that has it as a
button option if I’m trying to sneak in
as concealed as possible without
compromising my position

the last thing
I want to do is hit the wrong button and
flash a white light instead I also carry
three or four sets of extra batteries
which should be more than enough to get
me where I’m going especially if I’m
trying not to use light at all when I’m
traveling or when I’m working around
camp at night and I prefer the
longer-lasting lithium style batteries
for this option

in my opinion and

the best fixed blade knife
for the money is the Morakniv Garbeg

Morakniv Garberg Full Tang Fixed Blade Knife with Carbon Steel Blade, 4.3-Inchmorakniv-garberg-knife
it’s full tang maintains a good sharp
edge has a good 90-degree spine has a
Scandi grind that’s easy to sharpen in
the field and this thing can take a

this thing will do everything
you needed to do in the field and then

and lastly

my choice for the
multi-tool would be a Leatherman

LEATHERMAN – Wingman Multitool, Stainless Steel


as far
as the model I’m just looking for one
that has

1. pliers wire cutters has an

2. awl
for stitching and repair

3. has a good saw
on it

and in addition to all that I want
it to have

4. a good blade

so that I have a
back of course depending on your
situation and your experience level and
what you’ve planned for you may want to
add certain

tactical gear and personal
security items




as needed it’s going to
increase the overall weight of your pack
and slow you down but but it’s also
going to greatly enhance your security
in an uncertain situation but that’s a
conversation for another day this
particular go bag has been developed to
take care of all of your immediate needs
and at only 18 pounds it won’t weigh you
down until next time stay safe keep

Green Beret’s Ultralight Bug Out Bag with Gear Recommendations